VOLUNTARY HIV COUNSELLING AND TESTING AMONG MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

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Kolude B
Adeyemi B F
Abe E O

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Globally, healthcare workers are at risk of acquiring HIV via sexual contact like the general population, but are also faced with additional occupational risk of injuries from needle pricks and sharps. Voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) is an access point for HIV/AIDS education, clinical care, psychological support and motivation to modify behaviour aimed at reducing the risk of HIV transmission.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine knowledge, attitude and uptake of VCT for HIV/AIDS among medical doctors and dentists in South Western Nigeria.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross- sectional study was conducted among medical doctors and dentists within South Western Nigeria between January and June, 2014. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires and analysed using SPSS version 15.
RESULTS: Participants comprised 151 medical doctors (55%) and 124 dentists (45%), a high level of knowledge about VCT (78.9%) was noted with a statistically significant higher level of knowledge about VCT among medical doctors compared to dentists (p= 0.000). Also, there was a significant association between uptake of HIV testing and participants’ working experience such that the proportion of those who had done HIV testing increased with their years of practice (p= 0.037). Majority of the participants (95.2%) agreed with the idea of free treatment coverage for HIV positive members of staff and their sero- positive family members under workplace VCT services.
CONCLUSION: Knowledge, uptake and support for workplace VCT among medical doctors and dentists in South Western Nigeria was high. There is need for more VCT facilities in the dental clinics.

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How to Cite
B, K., F, A., & O, A. (2018). VOLUNTARY HIV COUNSELLING AND TESTING AMONG MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. African Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Medicine, 2(1 & 2), 7 - 16. Retrieved from https://ajompm.com/index.php/ajmp/article/view/29
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