Original article

Original articles should report original research relevant to the practice of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology/Medicine, Forensic Odontology, Oral Biology and Oral/Maxillofacial Radiology, including randomized trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, cohort studies, cost-effectiveness analyses and case control studies. While reporting randomized controlled trials (RCT), authors must attempt to be in conformity with the consolidated standards of reporting trial. (CONSORT) statements.' Each manuscript should be accompanied with a structured abstract (divided into background/objective, methods, results and conclusions) in no more than 250 words. Four to six key words to facilitate indexing should be provided in alphabetical order along with the abstract. The text should be divided in sections on introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion. Acknowledgement section may be included where necessary. Number of tables and figures should be limited to the very relevant ones and may be compressed if necessary (maximum of six). The typical text length for such contributions is 2500-3500 words (excluding title page, abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgements and references).

 

Brief report

Short accounts of original studies are published as brief reports. The text should be divided into sections, i.e., abstract, introduction, methods, results and discussion. Abstract should be of 100-150 words highlighting the aims, methods and main results along with 3-4 key words. The text should contain no more than 1500 words, 3 illustrations or tables and up to 20 references, preferably recent publications.

 

Review article

State-of-the-art review articles or systematic, critical assessments of literature are also published. Normally a review article on a subject already published in the African Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial pathology and Medicine is not accepted for a period of 3 years. The typical length for review articles should not exceed 5000 words, excluding tables, figures, and references (without editorial approval). Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a structured abstract of around 200 words describing the need and purpose of review, methods used for selection, extraction and synthesis of data, and main conclusions. References should not exceed 100 (without editorial approval).

 

Case report

Clinical cases highlighting uncommon Oral and Maxillofacial disease are published as case reports. Single case reports are usually not accepted, unless some new or unusual aspect regarding aetiopathogenesis, diagnosis or management is brought out that adds to the existing body of knowledge. The text should not exceed 1000 words and is divided into sections, i.e., abstract, introduction, case report and discussion. The number of tables/figures should be limited to 2. Ten recent references are acceptable. A maximum of 3 or 1 author is permitted from the principle and each of the associated departments respectively. Thus, case reports from only one investigative department can have- a maximum of 3 authors.

Letter to editor(s)

Letters commenting upon a recent article in AJOMPM are welcome. Such letters should be received within 6 months of the article's publication. At the editorial board's discretion, a letter may be sent to authors!  experts for comments and both letter and reply may be published together. Letters may also relate to other topics of interest to Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist, Oral Medicine practitioners, Forensic Odontologist, Oral Biologist and Oral/Maxillofacial Radiologists and others, and/or useful clinical observations. Letters should not be more than 400 words. The number of authors should not exceed 2, including the authors' reply in response to a letter commenting upon an article published in this journal.

 

Images section

A short text of about 150 words depicting the condition with color photographs (vide infra) is needed. Normally only clinical photographs are accepted but accompanying skiagrams or pathological images could also be considered for publication. Photographs should be of high quality, clearly identify the condition and preferably add to the existing knowledge.

 

Personal viewpoint

Such articles are published on topical Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology/Medicine, Forensic Odontology, Oral Biology and Oral/Maxillofacial Radiology issues. It is expected that the authors have sufficient credible experience on the subject for giving viewpoints. These should not exceed 1500 words.

 

Notes, news and Events of interest

Announcements for conferences, symposia, meetings or courses may be sent for publication in advance. The announcements should provide title, date(s) and place of the event and contact address, telephone, and email address.   They are mostly, included under Events of Interest free of cost. This journal reserves the right to be selective in publishing these announcements.

 

Preparing Manuscripts

Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical   Journals.  A   summary   of technical requirements for preparing the manuscript is provided below:

  • Three copies of the manuscript should be submitted.
  • Use 1 side of standard size 21.6x2".9 cm A4. White bond paper, with margins of at least 2.5 cm on each
  • Double-space throughout including title page. Abstract, text, acknowledgements, references. Tables and figure legends. Start each of these sections (in same order) on a new page, numbered consecutively in the upper right hand comer, beginning with the title page.
  • Use at least 12 point font size (Times New Roman).
  • Submit photographs and transparencies in a separate heavy        paper   envelope   (enclosed in cardboard,   to   prevent bending   during mail handling).
  • Conventional units are preferred with SI units in parenthesis, if available. The metric system is preferred for the expression of length, area, mass and volume.
  • Use nonproprietary names of material rugs, devices and other products.
  • All manuscripts should be accompanied by a signed statement by all authors regarding authorship, responsibility, financial disclosure and acknowledgements, as per standard format. Those sending their manuscript through email are also required to submit this signed statement by post with original signatures.

 

Manuscripts not fulfilling the technical requirements shall be returned to the authors without initiating the peer-review process.

 

Title page

The page should contain (i) the title of the article: which should be concise but informative (simpler the title the better; preferably it should contain all the key words to help electronic retrieval); (ii) a short running title of less than 40 characters placed at the foot end of the title page; (iii) initials and surnames of each author with the highest academic degree(s) and designation at the time when the work was done; (iv) details of the contribution of each author; (v) name of department(s) and institution(s) to which work should be attributed; (vi) disclaimer if any; (vii) name, address, phone number, fax, email address of corresponding author; (viii) source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs or all of these; and (ix) declaration on competing interests. If competing interest exists, the author(s) must disclose them while submitting the manuscript.

 

Authorship

All persons designed as authors should qualify for authorship. Authorship credit should be based on substantial contributions to (i) concept and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; (ii) drafting of the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and (iii) final approval of the version to be published. All such persons whose participation do not satisfy the conditions above should be listed in the acknowledgements with permission obtained from them by the authors. After submission of manuscript, no authors name will be added or deleted without written permission of the editor.

  

Abstract and key words

The second page should carry an abstract in case of original article (250 words), review article (250 words), brief report (100-150 words), and case report (150 words), respectively. For original article and reviews, the abstract should be structured as detailed earlier. For brief reports, the abstract should state the purpose of the study, basic methodology, main findings (giving specific data and statistical significance) and key conclusion(s). Below the abstract, authors should provide 3-6 key words for indexing; terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) list of Index Medicus should be used.

The basic structure of a paper follows the well known acronym IMRAD, which stands for Introduction (what questions was asked), Methods (how was it studied), Results (what was found) and Discussion.

 

Introduction

The introduction must clearly state the question that the author(s) tried to answer in the study. It may be necessary to briefly review the relevant literature. Only cite those references that are essential to justify the proposed study.

 

Methodology

The methods section should describe, in a logical sequence, how the study was designed (e.g., how randomization was done), carried out (e.g., how subjects were chosen or excluded, ethical considerations, accurate details of materials used, exact drug dosage and form of treatment, etc.) and data were analyzed (e.g., an estimate of the power of the study, exact test used for statistical analysis, etc.). For standard methods, appropriate references are sufficient, but if standard methods are modified these should be clearly brought out. Authors should provide complete details of any new methods or apparatus used (manufacturer's name and address in parentheses).

 

Ethics

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964, as revised in 2000. They should indicate whether the study was approved by the Institutions' Ethical Committee, and whether informed consent was obtained from the study participants. They should not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. This journal reserves the right to reject a manuscript on ethical grounds, on the basis of recommendations of its "Ethical Committee", even if the research has been cleared by the institutional ethical committee. Moreover, when reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

 

Statistics

Authors should describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, they meet to quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Actual P values are provided rather than stating as just <0.05 or >0.05 etc. References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated) rather than to papers in which the designs or methods were originally reported. Any general-use computer programs used should be specified and statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols be defined.

 

Results

This section should include only relevant, representative data and not all information collected during the study. Major findings should be presented clearly and concisely. Text, tables, and illustrations should be used sensibly while avoiding repeating in the text all the data depicted in the tables or illustrations and emphasizing or summarizing only important observations. Tables and figures should be restricted to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. It is necessary to cite the tables in the text and type them on separate sheets. It may also be useful to mention what the study did not find.

 

Discussion

Discussion ordinarily should not be more than one third of the total length of the manuscript. This section should include a summary of the major findings, their relationship to other similar studies, limitations of methods and implications of these findings in future research. Conclusions should be linked to the goals of the study. Unqualified statements and conclusions which are not completely supported by the data should be avoided. Authors should also refrain from making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses.

 

Acknowledgements

In acknowledgements section, it is suitable to list all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department head who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify' authorship may be listed under a heading such as "clinical investigators" or "participating investigators", and their function or contribution should be described, for example, "served as scientific advisers", "critically reviewed the study proposal", "collected data", or "provided and cared for study patients". A written consent is required from all the persons acknowledged, indicating their acceptance for the same.

 

Contributions to joint-authorship

In the case of multiple authorships, authors are expected to state clearly their contributions to the paper being considered for publication in terms of study initiation, design including methodology, data collection, analysis and final write-up. The editorial board reserves the right to remove any author's name if the contribution is insignificant.